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Appendix D – Reasonable Measures

Guidelines for Review

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The County Council has adopted the attached list of Reasonable Measures and the following guidance, pursuant to Countywide Planning Policy (CPP) GF-7.

A. Applicable Policies. As a component of the on-going monitoring of growth and development undertaken through a county-wide collaborative process, the Growth Monitoring Report and Buildable Lands Report required under statute, starting with the first report issued in January 2003, the second in October 2007 and the third in June 2013, contain information on the buildable land capacity of Snohomish County cities and urban areas to accommodate future growth.

Several consistency problems were found in the second and third report. Therefore, the affected jurisdictions need to adopt and implement reasonable measures implementation programs. In UGAs where a consistency problem has been found (e.g. not achieving urban densities or a lack of sufficient capacity), GMA (RCW 36.70A.215) and Countywide Planning Policy GF-7 direct cities and the county to consider “reasonable measures,” other than expanding Urban Growth Areas (UGAs), to resolve the inconsistency.

The County Council shall use the guidance in this Appendix and its list of reasonable measures to evaluate proposed expansions of UGAs. CPP GF-7 provides that, once this Appendix and the list are adopted, “the County Council shall use the list of reasonable measures to evaluate all UGA boundary expansion proposals consistent with CPPs GF-7 and DP-2.”

B. Mechanism for Local Review and Adoption of Reasonable Measures. The appropriate forum for consideration and adoption of reasonable measures is the adoption of individual County and city comprehensive plans and implementing regulations. Through these public processes, measures appropriate for each jurisdiction are evaluated and incorporated into plan policies, and implementing regulations.

Beginning with the updates to be completed in 2004 and 2005, each jurisdiction (the relevant city and the county) will demonstrate its consideration of reasonable measures in its comprehensive plan or, at its discretion, in a separate report. Each plan’s environmental review or adoption documents will report on the sufficiency of the reasonable measures specified in its plan or report. ECONorthwest has provided optional useful steps in its final report: Document development trends; Identify and analyze current and proposed reasonable measures; and, Determine sufficiency.

C. Evaluation. The County Executive and Council’s evaluation of UGA expansion proposals under CPP DP-2 shall include findings that the jurisdiction has made a determination of consideration of UGA expansion requests.

D. Consultation with Snohomish County Tomorrow. The County Council adopted this list of Reasonable Measures and guidance after considering the recommendation of the Snohomish County Tomorrow Steering Committee, as provided in CPP GF-7.

E. Review and Evaluation Program. Annual monitoring of growth and development information, including any reasonable measures programs, occurs through Snohomish County Tomorrow’s (SCT) annual Growth Monitoring Report, and/or the SCT Housing Evaluation Report, regular updates of buildable lands reports, and other updates of those reports produced for review processes undertaken by a city or the county.

Jurisdictions should review and update their reasonable measures programs and finding of sufficiency at least every eight years in conjunction with the buildable lands review or their comprehensive plan update.

Detailed descriptions of the reasonable measures and the optional evaluation methodology are contained in the final report by ECONorthwest titled “Phase II Report: Recommended Method for Evaluating Local Reasonable Measures Programs,” June 2003 (Final Report).

The attached list of reasonable measures are a part of this Appendix D.

Reasonable Measures List

● Directly applicable

◐ Partially applicable

Measures to increase density

Applicability of Measure

Increases densities

Increases redevelopment

Increases Infill

Changes housing type/ increases options

Provides affordable housing

Economic Development

Make efficient use of infrastructure

Ensure efficient land uses

Urban design/ form

Prevents development in critical areas

Measures that increase Residential Capacity

Permit Accessory Dwelling Units (ADUs) in single family zones.

Provide Multifamily Housing Tax Credits to Developers

Provide Density Bonuses to Developers

Transfer/Purchase of Development Rights

Allow Clustered Residential Development

Allow Co-housing

Allow Duplexes, Townhomes, and Condominiums

Increase Allowable Residential Densities

Mandate Maximum Lot Sizes

Mandate Minimum Residential Densities

Reduce Street Width Standards

Allow Small Residential Lots

Encourage Infill and Redevelopment

Enact an inclusionary zoning ordinance for new housing developments

Plan and zone for affordable and manufactured housing development

Measures that increase Employment Capacity

Develop an Economic Development Strategy

Create Industrial Zones

Zone areas by building type, not by use

Develop or strengthen local brownfields programs

Measures that support increased densities

Encourage the Development of Urban Centers and Urban Villages

Allow Mixed Uses

Encourage Transit-Oriented Design

Downtown Revitalization

Require Adequate Public Facilities

Specific Development Plans

Encourage Transportation-Efficient Land Use

Urban Growth Management Agreements

Create Annexation Plans

Encourage developers to reduce off-street surface parking

Implement a program to identify and redevelop vacant and abandoned buildings

Concentrate critical services near homes, jobs, and transit

Locate civic buildings in existing communities rather than in Greenfield areas

Implement a process to expedite plan and permit approval for smart growth projects

Measures to mitigate the impact of density

Design Standards

Urban Amenities for Increased Densities

Conduct community visioning exercises to determine how and where the community will grow

Other Measures

Mandate Low Densities in Rural and Resource Lands

Urban Holding Zones

Capital Facilities Investments

Environmental Review and Mitigation Built into the Subarea Planning Process

Partner with nongovernmental organizations to preserve natural resource lands